India: Selection abortion of female foetuses – current practice

Publié le : 14 March 2014

 More than 12 months after passing a law for tougher sanctions with regard to sexual crimes, rapes are still occurring "and are even on the increase". According to Rishi Kant, a militant for women’s rights in India, "many sexual crimes are committed in India because there are fewer girls than boys. Young men have no marriage prospects, especially in Northern India. This is due to female foeticide and infanticide”.

According to the 2011 census, the country has "37 million more men than women. India has one of the world’s most unbalanced male-female ratios". What is causing this imbalance? Selective abortions of feminine foetuses are partly responsible. Despite the 1994 law preventing parents from finding out the sex of their unborn child, the law is disregarded. "Being born a girl is a handicap in India", explains the newspaper. 

Over the last thirty years, the World Health Research Centre based in Toronto has noted that twelve million female foetuses have been aborted in India. Prabhat Jha, epidemiologist at the World Health Research Centre explained: "We have seen a decrease in the number of births in households with a higher social status compared to poorer households lacking in education. In India, this is truly a phenomenon that concerns educated, affluent people". 
The United Nations estimates that approximately 500,000 abortions are carried out every year in order to get rid of female foetuses.

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