On 28 February, the Senate will examine a bill allowing an experiment with ‘birth houses’. These structures, which "enable women to give birth without being hospitalised," have no doctors. The overall accompaniment, involving the monitoring of the pregnancy, the delivery and its aftermath, is provided by midwives and is intended for patients "with no pathology or real risk." Both the National Council of the Order of Midwives and the National College of French Gynaecologists and Obstetricians are favourable to this project.
In France, "the pilot projects can be counted on the fingers of one hand" whereas "there are nearly 150 in Germany." The senator adds that "these structures help to reduce the pressure on maternity units." On average, "the cost of a deliver in a ‘birth house’ is assessed at €600 (structure and fee of the midwife), compared to €3,000 and 4.4 days of hospitalisation in a maternity unit, the average time observed."