In Costa Rica, in-vitro fertilization (IVF) has been banned since a ruling of the Supreme Court on 15 March 2000 which declared that the decree regulating these techniques was unconstitutional. In 2011, following the rejection by Parliament of a bill aimed at reintroducing these IVF techniques, some couples lodged an appeal against this decision. The case was finally brought before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights which issued its ruling on 28 November 2012: Costa Rica was convicted for prohibiting in-vitro procreation.
The President of the Episcopal Conference and Archbishop of San José, Mons. Hugo Barrantes Urena, has pointed out that in-vitro fertilization "is a technique which, to achieve its ends, eliminates in the process a large number of fertilized embryos, that is to say: human lives that could be born."
Lastly, the Chief Prosecutor of the Republic, Ana Lorena Brenes, mentioned: "the embryo has the right to live and we are surprised to have been found guilty for protecting its existence."