In Argentina, the legalisation of “assisted fertilisation” on 5 June last and the authorisation of abortion a few years earlier has worried the Argentinean Church. On a wider note, “the ethical disruptions” in Argentina date back to 2010 with the legalisation of same sex marriages and two years later, the option for “transsexuals and transvestites to freely choose their gender“.
As far as the Executive Secretary of the Argentinean Episcopal Conference and Secretary of the Episcopal Commission for Life, P. Andrés Tello is concerned, all of these “rights […] go against family and human life “. The law authorising in-vitro fertilisation “obliges the State and private health sector to foot the bill“. Numerous basic questions have not been answered, such as “What type of fertilisation? Homologous or heterologous? For couples or single people? Are ovules and spermatozoids marketed? What happens to the embryos? What about identity?“. Currently, in Argentina, the civil code stipulates that “a child developing in the womb belongs to that mother with assisted fertilisation possibly indicating a different type of maternity“. Abortions have been authorised in countries where the mother’s life is in danger, for a mentally handicapped woman and, since March 2012, in the case of rape. However, in the case of the latter, P. Andrés Tello says that whilst he can perfectly understand the suffering experienced by a sexually violated woman, “the unborn child is innocent and should not pay the price of the perpetrator’s wrong-doing “.