In Anand, India, in the Gurajat state, a real "baby factory" has been set up on the initiative of Nayna Patel, a female doctor specialising in in-vitro fertilisation and trained in Singapore, England and South Korea. This huge clinic of surrogate mothers is aimed at predominantly western infertile couples and "recruits hundreds of surrogate mothers".
Currently, "the Indian surrogate market is estimated at over one billion dollars per year", in a “country where one-third of the population live on less than 0.6 dollars a day". The association for women’s rights, the All India Democratic Women’s Association, has spoken out against "the very practice of surrogacy in a country where women do not have any financial resources". Would-be parents who use this Indian clinic will have to pay a total of 28,000 dollars, "a very low figure indeed compared to the United States" where surrogacy has been authorised. A surrogate mother at the clinic is paid 8,000 dollars.