A “baby factory” in India

Publié le : 11 October 2013

 In Anand, India, in the Gurajat state, a real "baby factory" has been set up on the initiative of Nayna Patel, a female doctor specialising in in-vitro fertilisation and trained in Singapore, England and South Korea. This huge clinic of surrogate mothers is aimed at predominantly western infertile couples and "recruits hundreds of surrogate mothers". 

According to Nayna Patel, "the women must be under 45 years of age and in good health. They must have already had a child to prevent them from becoming attached to the baby". The rules of the establishment are extremely harsh for the surrogate mother who bears considerable responsibility. In fact, the physician, hospital and future parents cannot shoulder the responsibility for any complications that might arise. Numerous criticisms have been lodged against such practices: Nayna Patel "is exploiting the poverty and bodies of these women". She attempts to defend herself by stating that "the surrogate mothers are doing a physical job – they are paid for that job". 
Currently, "the Indian surrogate market is estimated at over one billion dollars per year", in a “country where one-third of the population live on less than 0.6 dollars a day". The association for women’s rights, the All India Democratic Women’s Association, has spoken out against "the very practice of surrogacy in a country where women do not have any financial resources". Would-be parents who use this Indian clinic will have to pay a total of 28,000 dollars, "a very low figure indeed compared to the United States" where surrogacy has been authorised. A surrogate mother at the clinic is paid 8,000 dollars. 

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